Colds, SARS and flu are the most common diseases during the autumn-spring off-season. They are manifested by a high fever, a strong runny nose and a sharp deterioration in health. Therefore, the demand for highly effective antiviral agents, both new generation and old, proven, remains consistently high. This article contains the TOP 25 most common anti-virus drugs that have collected the largest number of good reviews from buyers and specialists. At the same time, our rating is not an instruction for the treatment of seasonal infections. All appointments should be made by a specialist.
- Best antiviral medications for adults
- Mefenamic acid
- Best herbal antiviral agents
- Immune system
- The best antiviral drugs for children
- Arbidol (Umifenovir)
- Cytovir-3 powder
- Ways to fight the virus
- Antiviral drugs
- Groups of antiviral drugs
- Use of antiviral drugs
- For flu, acute respiratory viral infections
- Herpes virus infection and herpes zoster
- Viral hepatitis (B, C)
- HIV infection
- Mechanism of action
- How to tell a cold from the flu
- Prevention of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections
- Medications to help you feel better-symptomatic treatment of a runny nose, cough
- Do antiviral drugs exist or not?
Best antiviral medications for adults
We write how many times a day to take, links to the manufacturer’s websites.
The drug does not have a direct antiviral effect, but rather stimulates the production of interferons. With the help of the latter, an immune response is formed. Kagocel is used to treat both influenza and other types of viral infections affecting the upper respiratory tract. It can be used for children starting from 3 years old. The treatment course lasts 4 days. The specific duration of admission and the schedule of admission are influenced by factors such as the day of illness and the age of the patient:
- for children 3-6 years old. The first 2 days the medicine is taken 2 times a day for 1 tablet, the remaining 2 days-1 tablet 1 time a day;
- children over 6 years of age: for the first 2 days, take 1 tablet 3 times a day. On day 3 and 4, the drug is taken 2 times a day. The full treatment course is 10 tablets;
- the scheme of reception for adults: the first 2 days-3 times a day for 2 tablets, then 2 days-3 times a day for 1 tablet. The course of treatment is 18 pieces.
- high efficiency;
- wide range of actions;
- minimal risk associated with side effects;
- low price;
- it can be used for children;
- stimulation of the immune system, the possibility of using it for prevention;
- independence of taking medication from food;
- the lack of cumulative effect.
Cons: not marked.
Kagocel is contraindicated during pregnancy and lactation.
An effective drug that is used to treat influenza and acute respiratory viral infections, as well as as a preventive measure against these infections. The course of medication is 6 tablets. You should consult your doctor before taking these medications. The cost of the drug depends on the concentration of the active substance. The drug is combined with other medications used to treat bacterial and viral infections, including antibiotics. Of the side effects, digestive disorders, allergic reactions and a feeling of chills are noted. The drug has a good effect in the treatment of viral infections in the acute period.
It is available in 2 dosages: for children 60 mg, and for adults 125 mg. The drug should not be taken by pregnant women and during breastfeeding.
- good effect;
- simple reception scheme.
Disadvantage: no direct antiviral effect.
Ingavirin is an antiviral drug that acts in several directions. First, it stimulates the production of a protein in cells that counteracts the development of the virus. Secondly, as a result of taking the drug, cells affected by the virus become more sensitive to interferons. In addition, the drug has a weak anti-inflammatory effect. According to the results of research, taking the drug accelerates recovery by an average of a day. Available in 2 dosage options:
- for children from 7 years of age-60 mg;
- for adults — 90 mg.
The medicine is available in the form of capsules. Scheme of reception: to 1 piece a day for 5-7 days. There is no direct ban on taking the drug for pregnant and lactating women, but the safety of taking the drug during this period has not been studied. Therefore, to experiment with taking this medicine at such a crucial time is at least unwise.
- excellent effect;
- a minimum of contraindications;
- the friendliness of the reception.
Minus: a relatively long treatment course.
A homeopathic remedy aimed at modulating the interferon response directed against the virus. Reduces the risk of complications and accelerates recovery. Anaferon is effective against various types of viral infections. It is well tolerated by both the elderly and children. It is well combined with antipyretic drugs, and for bacterial infections — with antibiotics.
- versatility, possibility of prescribing to patients of different ages;
- pronounced preventive effect;
- low price;
- possibility of use in combination therapy;
- no side effects.
Now about the disadvantages. First of all, this is the lack of a clear opinion among specialists. Reviews vary from enthusiastic to “this is not a treatment or medicine, but a “dummy” for inspired people.” However, the effect is there.
An inexpensive but effective antiviral drug that is widely used for the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections, various strains of influenza, herpes simplex and tick-borne encephalitis. It can be used to prevent infections. It is recommended to start taking Remantadine immediately after the onset of symptoms of the disease. There are a number of contraindications:
- diseases of the liver and kidneys.
- various forms of release (for children — in the form of syrup);
- low cost;
- good effect against many viruses;
- the possibility of using it for prevention.
- sometimes the drug does not cope with a number of mutating viruses;
- bitter taste;
- the presence of contraindications and side effects.
It belongs to the category of drugs that stimulate the body to produce interferon. Release forms: tablets, ointments, or injections. It is allowed to use for children from 4 years old. It is used in the treatment of viral hepatitis, acute respiratory viral infections, as well as papilloma viruses. Due to the immunostimulating effect, it can also be used in the treatment of bacterial infections. Contraindications include:
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver;
- direct impact on the cause of the disease;
- a good immunomodulatory effect;
- stimulation of the response IP;
- a variety of dosage forms.
Disadvantage: the presence of contraindications and side effects.
A remedy that is effective for herpes infections, flu, and the treatment of rare infectious diseases. This explains the popularity of Ribavirin among tourists who travel to tropical countries. The drug has a good effect at various stages of the disease. However, the drug has a wide range of contraindications:
- kidney or heart failure;
- heart attacks;
- mental illnesses.
Ribavirin belongs to the average price category.
The product form of the drug is rectal suppositories. This ensures better absorption of interferon and reduces the likelihood of side effects. Viferon is prescribed for acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, as well as for the treatment of severe infectious diseases of a bacterial nature.
The fact is that this drug is one of the most effective immune stimulants. Another advantage is its versatility. Candles are used even for premature babies suffering from congenital infections. It can be used for pregnant women to prevent infection of the fetus. The variability of dosages is 150,000-3000000 IU. The likelihood of allergic reactions is minimal. They occur in the form of a skin rash, which disappears 3 days after the drug is discontinued.
The only drawback of Viferon is the high price.
Taking the drug reduces the duration of the disease by 2 days. It can be used for both adults and children from 1 year old. Children 1-8 years old should preferably be given Tamiflu in the form of a suspension. The frequency of admission is twice a day. The specific choice of dosage depends on body weight:
- less than 15 kg — 30 mg;
- from 15 to 23 kg — 45 mg;
- from 23 to 40 kg — 60 mg.
If the weight exceeds 40 kg, you can use capsules of 75 mg. Possible side effects from taking: dizziness, digestive disorders, nausea.
- individual intolerance of compounds in the composition of the drug;
- kidney failure.
- possibility of admission for children from 12 months of age;
- good effect.
Among the disadvantages, users note the high cost.
The drug is prescribed for the medical treatment of viral infections and prevention. It can be assigned to children from 7 years old. Available in gelatin capsules (125 mg) and tablets (60, 125 mg). The therapeutic effect consists in stimulating the production of antibodies, normalizing immunity, and suppressing the production of proteins necessary for the formation of new pathogenic microorganisms. Soon after taking Tiloron, the symptoms of the disease decrease — cough, runny nose and other manifestations of the disease.
In addition, the drug improves the antitumor component of immunity. The ability of the drug to minimize the harmful effects of radiation on the body is noted. When compared with similar medications, Tiloron is well tolerated. Absolute contraindication-hypersensitivity to the components that make up the drug.
The reviews about the drug on the part of buyers and experts-only positive. Among the advantages are called:
- good effect;
- easy portability;
- low risk of side effects.
Disadvantage: lack of sufficient evidence regarding its effectiveness.
A nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that combines analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects. Mefenamic acid is available in the form of tablets in cell packages (10 pieces). The number of packages per pack is 1 or 2. a good effect has been Proven in the treatment of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections together with other medications. There are a number of contraindications:
- liver and kidney diseases;
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- diseases of the blood;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- under 5 years of age;
- hypersensitivity to the components that make up the drug.
Reception procedure: after meals. A single dosage depends on the age:
- for children from 5 to 12 years — 0.25 g;
- for adolescents from 12 years and adults — 3 g / day. With a decrease in the manifestations of the disease, the dosage is reduced to 1 g.
The frequency of admission is 3-4 times a day.
- quick action;
- long-lasting effect;
- low risk of side effects;
- affordable price.
Minus: a large number of diseases and conditions in which the drug is contraindicated.
Antiviral agent with tannic acid as the active ingredient. Available in the form of brown tablets (10 PCs. in a blister). In a plastic container — 6 blisters. Plant extracts (licorice, gray alder) are used in the production. The drug has a well-pronounced anti-inflammatory, membrane-stabilizing, analgesic and antioxidant effect. It is prescribed for the treatment of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza, prevents the development of bacterial complications. Contraindication-hypersensitivity to drugs containing tannin.
- natural ingredients;
- excellent effect;
- minimal chance of side effects.
- prohibition of prescribing to children under 14 years of age;
- unpleasant taste.
A drug that belongs to the group of interferons that are prescribed for the treatment and prevention of diseases of a viral nature. It has an antiviral, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effect. An important property of the drug is that it is almost not absorbed into the blood, so it can be prescribed even to small children. It is used for the prevention and treatment of colds and viral infections in children and adults. There are practically no contraindications. The only thing Grippferon can not be taken by people with hypersensitivity to its components. It can be used at any stage of pregnancy and when feeding the baby with breast milk.
Treatment begins at the first signs of the disease. The product is used for 5 days. The dosage depends on the patient’s age:
- child from birth to 1 year — 1 drop in each nostril, up to 5 times a day;
- 1-3 years — 2 drops 3-4 times a day;
- 3-14 years — 2 drops, up to 5 times a day;
- older than 14 years — 3 drops, 5-6 times a day.
- minimal contraindications;
- adverse reactions are very rare.
Minus: complex reception scheme.
Another name for the drug is Zanamivir. Its effect is that relenza blocks a special enzyme on the viral membranes — neuraminidase, with which the infection penetrates through the cell membranes. Thus, the drug inhibits not only the spread of infection, but also the ability to reproduce the virus. The reason is that the latter are deprived of the ability to reproduce independently.
Thanks to the drug relenza, the course of the disease is reduced by an average of one and a half days. The risk of complications is reduced by about a third. The release of microorganisms into the environment is also reduced. Thus, the probability of infection in the patient’s relatives is reduced.
It is available in the form of rotadisks with the medicine, which are inserted into the diskhaler (supplied with the drug). 1 disk is enough to perform 4 inhalations. It can be used in the treatment of babies from 5 years old. The dosage is universal for all ages: two inhalations twice a day. The duration of treatment is 5 days. Thus, the packaging is sufficient to eliminate the infection.
Direct contraindication to use — intolerance to the drug. If a person is prone to bronchospasm (for example, suffers from bronchial asthma), Relenza should be taken very carefully and with the approval of a doctor. When using the product, you must strictly follow the instructions. The medicine is sold by prescription.
- ease of use;
- form of release that is optimal for assimilation. There are practically no side effects.
Disadvantage: limited scope of use due to existing contraindications.
Proven antiviral medicine, known back in the 60s of the last century. The principle of action of Amantadine is that it prevents the penetration of viruses into the body’s cells. The drug is prescribed for the prevention and treatment of influenza A in combination with other medications. Dosage in the treatment of viral infections is 0.2 g. Preventive intake-0.2 mg for 10 days. Most of the positive reviews are about excellent effectiveness, and a large number of contraindications are mentioned among the disadvantages.
Best herbal antiviral agents
Herbal antiviral medicine that is effective in the treatment of influenza a and B, paramyxoviruses, herpes simplex, and adenoviruses. It is available in the form of an ointment for external use and sublingual tablets. The active ingredient is an extract of buckthorn sea buckthorn. The concentration of active component:
- 1 g of ointment contains 50 mg;
- 1 tablet contains 20 mg.
A moderately pronounced antimicrobial effect was established.
- safety of the drug, absence of mutagenic, teratogenic and allergenic properties;
- a wide range of indications with minimal contraindications;
- good effect;
- low cost.
Minus: according to some buyers, Hyporamine did not contribute to recovery in any way. Most likely, this is due to the fact that the treatment was not started immediately.
Homeopathic medicine used in the treatment of flu and colds. It is available in the form of homeopathic spherical granules, well soluble in water. It is also used to prevent colds and flu. Recommended intake from the first day of illness. Preventive dosage: 1 appointment per week. Ocillococcinum is used to treat children. According to reviews, the effect is good, recovery comes quickly. The only negative is that this remedy (as, indeed, all homeopathy) cannot be called cheap.
A product with a well-defined antiviral effect. The main active ingredient is purple Echinacea extract. The plant is rich in essential oils, antioxidants, and vitamins A, C, and E. in Addition, the drug contains useful trace elements-iron, selenium, and calcium. The remedy is effective against influenza, acute respiratory viral infections and herpes. The specific dosage is prescribed depending on the patient’s age.
- natural vegetable composition;
- a very simple technique.
- high price, especially when compared with the usual tincture of Echinacea;
- availability of age restrictions;
- in the composition — ethyl alcohol, which causes restrictions in the use of other drugs.
A medicinal product used for viral diseases. Available in the form of ointments or tablets (in a pack of 10-30 pieces). The active substance tetrahydroxyglucopyranosylxanthene, which is found in mango leaves. The action of the drug is bacteriostatic, antiviral, immunostimulating and antibacterial. In addition to SARS and flu, the medicine (in the form of an ointment) is prescribed for herpetic rashes and shingles. The greatest effectiveness can be achieved at the initial stage of the disease. Contraindications for Alpizarin are minimal: only allergic reactions to the components. It is advisable to use as part of a combination therapy.
- quick action;
- a minimum of contraindications;
- convenient form of release.
The best antiviral drugs for children
An excellent tool that allows you not only to cope with the infection, but also to protect yourself from infection. The peculiarity of the drug is that it acts directly on the virus, without having side effects on organs and systems. Due to minimal contraindications and side effects, it is used as a preventive measure during seasonal epidemics.
- wide range of actions;
- minimal number of side effects and contraindications;
- versatility. The drug is equally effective as a therapeutic and preventive agent.
Minus: the restriction in the intake. The drug is prohibited for children under 2 years of age.
Capsules for oral administration. Possible dosage options are 30, 45 or 75 mg. It can be used for both adults and children from 1 year of age. The effect of Oseltamivir is based on the fact that its active components prevent the replication of pathogens and their penetration into living cells. The medicine is safe, does not have a negative effect on the body of a pregnant woman and the fetus. It can be used for preventive purposes. Contraindications include:
- liver diseases;
- kidney failure;
- Allergy to the active ingredient.
- performance features;
- minimal contraindications.
Disadvantage: high risk of side effects. In addition, there are strains of the virus that are resistant to this drug.
This product is available in the form of syrup. Quickly eliminates cold and flu-like symptoms. The drug is effective against various types of viruses. The maximum effect can be achieved if you start taking the drug in the first hours after the onset of symptoms. Arvirem is prescribed for babies from 1 year old. There are a number of contraindications:
- hypersensitivity to the components of the drug;
- kidney diseases;
- acute liver diseases;
- good effect if the admission rules are followed;
- pleasant taste;
- low cost;
- risk of side effects;
- the presence of many contraindications.
An immunostimulant that comes in the form of a clear yellowish syrup with a specific smell. It can be packaged in dark glass bottles with a capacity of 120, 180 and 240 ml. A measuring Cup is included. It is used in the treatment of flu, respiratory infections and immune disorders that are viral in nature. Syrup is taken 1-3 times a day, after meals. The specific dosage is prescribed by the doctor, depending on the type and severity of the disease, as well as the weight and age of the patient. Course duration: 5-14 days. For herpetic infections, several courses of administration are carried out with a duration of 5 to 10 days.
- rapid relief of acute symptoms of the disease;
- pleasant taste;
- it can be used for children from 3 years old.
- big expense, especially for adults;
- no possibility for accurate dosage due to the small number of divisions on the measuring Cup.
An effective medicine prescribed for the treatment of respiratory diseases. It is available in the form of tablets or powder for solution preparation. The active substances are:
- ascorbic acid-increases resistance to infections;
- phenylephrine hydrochloride-has a vasoconstrictive effect, relieves the symptoms of a runny nose;
- paracetamol is a powerful analgesic and antipyretic agent.
Maxicold is prescribed for acute respiratory viral infections or flu, accompanied by fever, headache, chills, runny nose. The drug is contraindicated in the elderly and pregnant women.
- different tastes;
- different forms of release.
Minus: a lot of restrictions. Maxicold should not be given to children under 9 years of age.
An antiviral immunomodulatory drug that is prescribed for children from 1 year of age. The medicine belongs to the category of complex and is available in various forms. It is used not only for the treatment, but also for the prevention of respiratory infections. The remedy strengthens the immune system, is a good prevention of complications, increases the protective ability of cells and mucous membranes.
- maintaining interferon at the required level;
- effective prevention of flu and colds;
- simple application;
- good effect;
Minus: the presence of side effects and contraindications, so when prescribing, you should use a certain amount of caution.
Ways to fight the virus
Let’s look at the main ways to combat viral infections. Sometimes homeopathic medicines are divided into a separate group, but the mechanism of their action is not well understood.
They are developed exclusively for preventive purposes. Under the influence of the vaccine, antibodies are produced even before infection. The flu vaccine cannot protect against other types of SARS. But the flu vaccine is far from a panacea, since its action is directed against a specific type of flu. New strains appear almost every year, so modification of vaccines is an objective necessity. Vaccine production is based on scientists ‘ predictions about which strain will trigger the epidemic.
The mechanism of action of this group of medications is that they strengthen the immune system. The body copes with viruses much faster. All Immunostimulants can be (rather conditionally) divided into the following groups::
- synthetic ones;
- natural resources.
If the body is conditionally healthy, Immunostimulants help to overcome the disease quickly enough. However, for weakened individuals (children, the elderly, pregnant women), treatment with Immunostimulants will not be effective enough.
The difference between this group of drugs is that they do not contribute to the expenditure of existing protective factors, but to an increase in their number and concentration. This group includes drugs that are interferon inducers. But there is one important point. Own interferon is spent on fighting the infection quite quickly. Much more success can be achieved if you enter it from the outside.
There are specific and non-specific antiviral agents. The first ones are aimed at combating a specific type of virus at the moment when it did not have time to get inside the cells. They are only effective against one strain. Non-specific tools are universal. They apply to all types of viruses. As a rule, they are used against SARS, influenza A and B, herpes and other infectious diseases.
Groups of antiviral drugs
The most effective antiviral agents, depending on the mechanism of their action, are classified into the following groups::
- antiviral agents containing antihistamines and immunomodulators (Anaferon, Arbidol). They prevent pathogen replication and stimulate the production of their own interferon;
- products containing interferon (Grippferon, Alfarone). It often happens that the native protein structure that destroys viruses is consumed too quickly. Interferon, which is supplied from the outside, helps to cope with the disease;
- interferon inducers (Kagocel, Lavomax). These drugs activate processes that accelerate the synthesis of their own interferons;
- neuraminidase inhibitors (Tamiflu, relenza). The peculiarity of these drugs is that they have a depressing effect on the protein of the virus itself, preventing its development and spread.
Use of antiviral drugs
One of the classification features for antiviral medications is the diseases they are intended to treat. Let’s look at the most common cases.
For flu, acute respiratory viral infections
Flu and SARS are the most common viral diseases. They are characterized by a high risk of infection and are transmitted by airborne droplets. Despite the fact that almost every person has had SARS or flu, stable immunity to them is not developed. Diagnosis, as a rule, does not cause difficulties due to the characteristic clinical signs.
The causative agents of SARS are picornaviruses, adenoviruses. The disease is manifested by a runny nose, cough, sneezing, General malaise. Vasoconstrictor drops in the nose, anti-inflammatory and antihistamines are used for treatment.
Unlike SARS, the flu is much more severe. It occurs with a strong cough, headache, fever. The disease is dangerous with the development of complications. Along with symptomatic treatment, antiviral drugs are prescribed to eliminate the manifestations of intoxication:
- Amantadine, Remantadine (effective only for influenza A).
Somewhat less effective is the use of Oxoline ointment, Interferon (nasal drops). A certain effect can be achieved by using vitamin C (ascorbic acid).
The coronavirus family includes 40 varieties of viruses containing RNA as of the beginning of 2021. It, in turn, is divided into 2 subfamilies that cause diseases in animals and humans. The name “coronavirus” is derived from the structure of the pathogens. The spiked appendages look like a crown. It is with its help that microorganisms are introduced into the host cells. There are several transmission mechanisms:
- air-dust filter;
- contact number;
- air-drop mode.
Coronavirus infection manifests itself in the form of respiratory diseases, SARS, gastroenteritis and bronchitis. It is supposed to treat the new coronavirus of Chinese origin with such drugs:
- Ritonavir (Lopinavir);
- Recombinant interferon beta Ib
Herpes virus infection and herpes zoster
The family of herpes viruses is one of the most numerous known to date. They contain DNA and are relatively large in size. There are 8 types of herpes, each of which causes a specific disease. Another feature is the preservation in the body for a long time without any clinical manifestations. Therefore, the vast majority of the world’s population is healthy carriers of the virus.
The most common disease in this category is herpes simplex. For local treatment, use:
Drugs for systemic treatment:
Acyclovir and its derivatives block the synthesis of the DNA virus. The same drugs are also used in the treatment of shingles.
Viral hepatitis (B, C)
These are viral diseases that affect the liver. One of the most dangerous complications of the disease is cirrhosis, as well as liver neoplasms. Viral hepatitis is transmitted through skin lesions, sexual contact, and blood. Until 2011, interferons and Ribavirin were the mainstays of treatment. Today, more modern and effective means are used that minimize possible side effects:
- Tenofovir and others.
Treatment of viral hepatitis is a long and expensive process. Today vaccines have been developed against hepatitis B. For group C vaccine yet.
HIV is a disease that affects immune cells. Thus, the body becomes defenseless against infections and tumors. On average, life expectancy after infection is 10 years, but specific antiretroviral therapy gives a chance to live much longer, up to 70-80 years. Treatment involves taking medication daily, at the same time. The most common drugs used for HIV infection:
Mechanism of action
The” physics ” of viral infection is something like this. When pathogens enter the body, they are embedded in the cell, causing its nucleus to produce the same particles. After their concentration becomes critical, they leave the cell.
Antiviral drugs can be classified according to their mechanism of action, among other things. Different medications affect different stages of the cycle:
- prevent the penetration of pathogens into the host cell;
- they destroy the viruses themselves before they penetrate the cell membrane;
- block the replication of pathogens or their exit from the affected cells.
In addition to medications, there is another way to fight the infection. These are special proteins in the human body — interferons. To enhance this protection, there is a group of devices called interferon inducers. They strengthen the immune system by stimulating the production of interferon, thereby helping to defeat the virus.
How to tell a cold from the flu
Often in everyday life, the flu is called a cold, and Vice versa. In fact, this is fundamentally wrong. Influenza is a serious infectious disease that requires specific treatment. As for the common cold, such a disease can hardly be found in any classifier. Rather, it is a condition associated with hypothermia of the body. The difference between a cold and flu is shown in the table below.
|Signs||Flu||Acute respiratory viral infections|
|Onset of the disease||Very sharp and sharp. You can tell up to an hour when the unpleasant symptoms started||Gradual deterioration of the condition. As a rule, the onset of the disease is manifested by a slight malaise|
|Temperature||Well above 38 degrees||As a rule, 37-38 degrees|
|Rhinitis||In the first days of the disease, it is usually not present||Appears from the very beginning|
|Cough||Present from the first day of illness. Cough pattern: strong, dry, with pain behind the sternum||It depends on the virus, but usually appears on the second or third day|
|Muscle aches||Present due to severe intoxication of the body||It doesn’t usually happen|
|Photophobia, pain in the eyes||Often||Very rare|
|Seasonality||Usually from November to March||All year round. You can get supercooled by swimming in a pond or being under air conditioning.|
Prevention of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections
All measures for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, and other viral infections can be specific or non-specific. The first group of measures is aimed at preventing infection with viruses of these diseases. The peculiarity of non-specific prevention is that it includes measures to prevent respiratory diseases, not necessarily of a viral nature. The main methods of prevention include:
- the administration of specific drugs: immunomodulators or antiviral;
- getting vaccinated;
- balanced nutrition;
- wearing special masks in public places. This is especially true for the period of epidemics. If possible, avoid places with large crowds of people;
- hardening of the body.
One of the main preventive measures is immunization (vaccination). In this case, a particle of an infectious agent is introduced into the body. The virus contained in the vaccine contributes to the increased production of antibodies. The latter prevent the spread of infection and its penetration into the cells. Thus, it is possible to prevent the disease even before it begins. The optimal time for vaccination is autumn, since the peak of flu epidemics occurs between November and March. However, the high antibody titer decreases approximately six months after vaccination. Therefore, it makes no sense to get vaccinated too early.
Vaccination is not a guarantee against the disease. The reason is that viruses can mutate and adapt very quickly. There is a misconception that it is pointless to get vaccinated after the outbreak of the epidemic. In fact, even a late vaccination can protect against infection. Vaccination will be ineffective only if the person is already infected.
Medications to help you feel better-symptomatic treatment of a runny nose, cough
To alleviate the symptoms that often accompany viral infections (cough, runny nose), you can use medications aimed at comprehensive systematic treatment. These are instant drinks, such as “Gripp-out”, “TeraFlu” or “Coldrex”. This is only a small part of such funds. In fact, there are a lot of analogs. The main active ingredient is paracetamol. To enhance its effect, medicinal drinks contain:
- phenylephrine– narrows blood vessels, used in the treatment of the common cold;
- feniramin– has an anti-inflammatory effect;
- ascorbic acid– strong natural antioxidant;
- caffeine– has a General toning and stimulating effect.
With the help of these medications, you can improve your health for a short time. To influence a particular symptom, not complex drugs are used, but individual compounds. For example, children’s Panadol or Paracetamol in the “adult” dosage.
The General disadvantage of such drugs is that they eliminate (and then only briefly) the symptoms, and not the disease itself. Unpleasant sensations will return as soon as the effect of medications ends.
Copious drinking helps well as a symptomatic treatment. It can be tea with berries or lemon, compote, mors or herbal infusion. This is due to the fact that during the disease, the body is dehydrated due to increased sweating. In addition, drinking removes toxins and waste products of pathogens from the blood.
Do antiviral drugs exist or not?
Unfortunately, most of the antiviral drugs that are constantly flashing in television ads do not have the effect claimed by the manufacturers. It is often more profitable for manufacturers to invest in advertising than in conducting serious clinical trials.
In fact, medications that can affect infected cells do exist. Most of them are used in the hospital, intended for intravenous administration. The peculiarity of the drugs is that they are designed for a certain type of virus, and for no other. Drugs that have been shown to be effective in clinical trials include: Acyclovir (for herpes), Oseltamivir, Ribavirin (for influenza), and Adefovir (for retrovirus).
No one is immune from infection. But a person with a strong immune system will quickly cope with the infection, and a weakened one risks getting sick much longer. Therefore, along with taking special medications, a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition and hardening are important.