Acne is a complex problem that goes far beyond the use of peels and masks. Our experts analyzed the scientific works of the world’s leading dermatologists and formulated 10 principles for getting rid of blackheads on the face.
Tip # 1: Adjust your diet
Excessive sebum production is the main cause of acne. The use of sweets, alcohol, fatty, spicy or canned food disrupts the activity of secretory cells, provokes spasm of the excretory ducts and, as a result, the formation of acne. For this reason, those who want to get rid of blackheads on the face, we advise you to review your eating habits.
The basis of the diet should be:
Root vegetables. Fresh carrots, beets, onions, celery provide the body with vitamins, macro-and microelements necessary for maintaining skin health.
Eggs. They are a source of protein that plays an important role in the proper nutrition of secretory cells.
Fish and seafood. Shellfish, crustaceans, and seaweed contain omega 3, an unsaturated fatty acid that provides tissue elasticity and protects the epidermis from the negative external environment.
Chicken meat. It serves as a building material for secretory cells.
Greens, leafy vegetables. They are a source of antioxidants, potassium, magnesium and organic calcium, which are involved in maintaining the water-salt balance of the sebaceous glands. Substances stabilize the secretory function, prevent blockage of the ducts.
Walnuts. They contain a complex of polyunsaturated acids necessary for the stabilization of the glands, as well as yuglon, a biologically active compound that increases the bacteriostatic properties of sebum.
Dark chocolate. Promotes the production of the hormone serotonin, which accelerates blood circulation in the tissues.
An important condition for effectively getting rid of blackheads on the face is to consume enough water. The daily norm in liters is calculated individually by the formula: (N*31) / 1000, where N is the human body weight. For athletes, pregnant and nursing mothers, the recommended volume is increased by 10%.
Tip # 2: Follow your daily routine
The skin is a mirror of the body. Lack of sleep manifests itself not only with dark circles under the eyes, but also with a violation of the sebaceous glands. This is why dermatologists advise people suffering from blackheads to sleep 8 hours a day.
Special attention should be paid to the schedule of cosmetic procedures. To avoid swelling, night cream should be applied at least an hour before bedtime. The best time to use cleansing masks doctors call the period from 10 to 12 days. At this time, the sebaceous glands are most susceptible to remedies for blackheads on the face.
Tip # 3: get Physically active
During sports, sweating is intensified. The saline solution released flushes out sebum from the pores, eliminating the conditions for the formation of blackheads. In parallel, blood circulation is activated, tissues receive more nutrients and oxygen, which normalizes the work of secretory cells.
In addition, exercise promotes the production of endorphins — natural human opiates that improve mood and enhance the protective functions of the epidermis.
Tip # 4: Professional facial cleaning
Salon treatments are aimed at improving the skin by eliminating blockages of the sebaceous glands and renewing the skin. Indications for professional cleaning of the face are pimples, enlarged pores and decreased tonus of the tissues.
Get rid of black spots on the face will help the following procedures::
Manual (mechanical) cleaning. It takes place in three stages. First, the face is steamed, then the master squeezes out comedones with his hands and special tools. At the end of the procedure, the epidermis is soothed with liquid nitrogen, cooling tonics or creams. Manual cleaning traumatizes the skin, so it is carried out no more than once every 1.5-2 months.
Brossage (brushing). A type of hardware peeling, in which the pores are cleaned with special brushes. Borssage starts tissue renewal, the effect is immediately noticeable, but brushing shows the best results in the framework of a six-month course of weekly sessions.
Electroplating (desincrustation). The essence of the method is to treat problem areas of the face with weak currents. Electrical impulses generate ions that break down the sebum of blackheads. To get rid of acne, you need 5-10 sessions per week. In order to prevent relapse, the course is repeated every 2-3 months.
Vacuum cleaning.Special nozzles create a negative pressure on the problem area, which pushes the sebum plugs out of the pores. The procedure is safe and painless, but it does not guarantee a 100% result.
Ultrasonic cleaning.A special device generates high-frequency vibrations that break down fat accumulations. Ultrasound helps with minor rashes, but it can’t cope with large comedones.
The idea of getting rid of blackheads on the face with the help of professional cosmetology will have to be abandoned by owners of sensitive skin, as well as people suffering from hypertension, asthma, rosacea, epilepsy and dermatitis in the acute stage. Additional restrictions apply to hardware techniques. Contraindications for their use include pregnancy, implantation of pacemakers, as well as the presence of implants or non-absorbable threads for bio-reinforcement in the soft tissues of the face.
Tip # 5: Systematic facial care at home
Solving the problem of acne at home involves regular cleansing, hydration and nutrition of the epidermis. To do this, use scrubs, masks, chatterboxes, gels for washing and creams for problem skin, but before you start getting rid of blackheads, the face must be prepared.
Steaming the face is an important step in getting rid of rashes. The procedure opens the pores, increases blood circulation in the tissues, preparing the epidermis for further processing. For this purpose, use a decoction of medicinal herbs, which is prepared according to the following recipe:
3 tablespoons of crushed St. John’s wort, sage, chamomile, Linden or thyme pour 0.5 liters of water.
Boil the mixture, let it stand for 15-20 minutes.
Bring the broth to a boil.
Bend over the container with hot infusion, cover your head with a Terry towel. Over the steam, breathe for about 10 minutes. The cooled broth can be poured into ice molds, frozen and used as a tonic.
It is not recommended to squeeze out black dots yourself. At home, it is problematic to maintain the sterility of the procedure, so there is a high risk of infection of the epidermis with bacteria that can worsen the rash.
A scrub will help you get rid of black dots. At home, soda, oatmeal, crushed eggshells, or ground coffee are used for this purpose. The selected ingredient is rubbed on the problem areas, after which the face is rinsed with cold water and foam for washing. Among the store-bought scrubs, 3-in-1 gels “Garnier Skin naturals Pure skin active with charcoal”, Vichy Normaderm, Salizink have proven themselves perfectly.
We do not recommend using scrubs more than once every 2 days. During breaks, give preference to other remedies for blackheads. You can buy them or prepare them yourself. Among the existing tools for combating acne, the following options were the most effective.
Pharmacy remedies for blackheads
Pharmacological products act purposefully and are used sparingly. Among pharmacy products, high efficiency is demonstrated by preparations based on zinc, salicylic acid, retinol, and benzoyl. Substances dissolve existing dirt, and also inhibit the activity of secretory cells, thereby preventing the formation of new acne.
Get rid of black spots on the face will help:
The gel-applicator for acne Vichy NORMADERM Hyaluspot. The tool on the basis of salicylic acid. The result of using it is noticeable in a week. It works best in tandem with a wash gel from the same brand series.
Cream Baziron AC from GALDERMA. Recommended for problem skin. The composition of the drug includes benzoyl-an anti-ionic substance with a pronounced bactericidal effect. The compound cleanses the ducts of the glands, destroys pathogenic microflora. Use for at least 12 days.
Gel Clinit C from Glenmark. A combined drug, the active substances of which are adapalene and clindamycin. The first ingredient is a specific form of retinoid acid, characterized by anti-inflammatory and comedonolytic activity. The second is a bacteriostatic antibiotic. The gel is effective for open, closed acne, purulent pimples. The therapeutic effect manifests itself in 1-4 weeks.
The zinc ointment. Inexpensive, but effective drug. The ointment dries out inflammation, narrows the pores. Leaves a white film, so we recommend applying it before going to bed.
Pharmacy products are best used after consulting a dermatologist. The doctor will select a pharmaceutical product based on the characteristics of acne, which will allow you to quickly get rid of black dots on the face.
Store-bought products differ from pharmacy products in a variety of formulations and release forms. In the matter of getting rid of black dots on the face, they have proven themselves perfectly:
Lioele Blackhead Clear Toner. The solution contains extracts of natural antiseptics, antioxidants and seborrheic substances that painlessly remove dirt from the pores, restore the fat balance of the skin.
A patch of black dots Homeless Strawberry Seeds 3-step Nose Pack from TONY MOLY. The kit consists of 3 patches to warm up, clean and soothe the epidermis. The patch is small, designed to treat only the nose. For the whole face, you will have to buy 4-5 sets.
Anti-ACNE SOS cream from the Propeller. Contains zinc, essential oils and natural acids that gently dry the pores and improve the complexion. It can be used under makeup.
Any product is applied to a washed face. Do not forget about hydration. After the procedure, the epidermis should be treated with a tonic for problem skin, then apply a light cream.
Best of all, masks get rid of comedones. The most effective ones were:
The “black”. To prepare it, you need 10 g of gelatin (1 tbsp), 2 crushed tablets of activated carbon, 50 ml of water. All the ingredients are mixed, heated for 20 seconds in a microwave oven. You should get a homogeneous viscous mass. The mixture is applied to the face and left for 10 minutes. After removing the mask, wash your face with cold water.
Toothpaste. It covers the problem area, leave for 5 minutes. If there is a burning sensation, the paste is washed off.
Potato farm. Add ½ tsp of lemon juice to 50 g of grated fresh root vegetables. The mixture is left on the face for 15 minutes, then washed off with water.
Clay. 2 tbsp of the mineral is mixed with 1 tbsp of water and 5 ml of grapefruit oil. The resulting mass is applied to the face. The duration of the procedure is 10 minutes.
Also, peroxide, lemon juice and a 5% salicylic acid solution dry acne well. Liquids are used to wipe the problem areas. If itching, tingling, or burning sensation occurs, wash your face.
After cleansing, the skin should be soothed. For this purpose, cubes of frozen herbal decoction, tonics from black dots Garnier or “Exclusive Cosmetics”, narrowing the pores lotions from Vichy Normaderm or Clean are suitable & Clear. They mattify, relieve irritation, effectively moisturize the skin, which is an important condition for preventing repeated blockage of the glands.
After removing dirt and dead layers of the epithelium, tissue regeneration starts. During this period, the epidermis requires intensive nutrition. Vitamin-rich creams with a light, non-greasy texture, such as Calendula from Nevsky cosmetics, pharmacos from Belita-Vitex, EFFACLAR H from La Roche-Posay, Mirielle from belkosmeks, Aqualia Thermal Dynamic Hydration Light Cream from Vichy brand, will help to provide the skin with the necessary substances.
Tip # 6: Choosing the right cosmetics
When choosing cosmetics, follow the following rules::
Refusal of oil-based products. Dense Foundation creams, cream concealers, of course, hide imperfections of the skin, but significantly aggravate the problem of acne. To even out the complexion, we recommend using loose powder or BB cream.
The control composition. Alcohol-containing cosmetics irritate the glands, which provokes excessive sebum production.
Checking expiration dates. Damaged products may contain pathogenic microflora that is dangerous to the skin.
Use of age-appropriate cosmetics. Over the years, the skin sags, the pores stretch, which complicates the task of getting rid of blackheads. For this reason, in adulthood, it is worth using creams with a lifting effect to moisturize.
Following these tips, you can not only get rid of blackheads, but also significantly improve the condition of the face. If, despite the efforts made, the problem remains, you should consult a doctor for a comprehensive examination for the presence of parasites or hormonal disorders.