How to fix plastic panels in the bathroom

Covering the bathroom walls with plastic panels is a budget option for finishing, cheaper than facing with ceramic tiles, but it has its own advantages. Our experts in the field of construction and repair have analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of this type of finishing and developed a step-by-step installation guide, which can be carried out in two ways.

Pros and cons of plastic panels

How to fix plastic panels in the bathroom

To the advantages of facingbathroom plastic panels can be attributed to:

significantly lower cost of both the material itself and finishing works in comparison with facing with ceramic tiles;

a large selection of colors and textures. Manufacturers produce many types of this finishing material in a rich color scheme, with imitation of the texture of natural materials, with relief drawings, smooth or matte surface, up to registration using photo printing;

high thermal and sound insulation qualities;

ease of installation-facing can be performed by a non-specialist if you have basic skills of working with your own hands;

the ability to hide the wiring of communications under the lining, which cannot be done when tiling;

during the work, a lot of waste, dirt and construction debris are not generated, which is typical for tile works;

plastic products are durable – resistant to constant exposure to moisture and water vapor, are not subject to corrosion, harmful effects of microorganisms-fungus and mold;

the lining can be easily cleaned with household detergents or just water;

the products are eco-friendly – they do not emit any harmful substances at normal temperature;

the lining is easily repaired – if damaged, its individual elements are simply replaced.

The disadvantages include:

weak resistance to mechanical stress, but this disadvantage is offset by the ease of repair;

release of toxic substances in case of fire;

reducing the area of the bathroom when installing cladding on the frame.

We see that the advantages are much greater than the disadvantages, which makes this bathroom decoration option quite acceptable and popular among developers.

What are plastic panels?

How to fix plastic panels in the bathroom

Plastic panels that can be used for bathroom decoration are made of PVC (polyvinyl chloride polymer mass) in two types::

rack – and-pinion panels-3 m long and 100-125 mm wide;

standard-in the form of products with a length of 2.6 – 3.0 m, a width of 250-370 mm.

Both rack-and-pinion and standard panels are equipped with pazogrebnevy locks which allow to connect them quickly and easily among themselves.

What tools will you need to work with

Facing works are performed using the following tools::

electric drills or punchers;

screwdrivers and screwdrivers;

of hand saws for wood and metal;

roulette, level, plumb line, marker;

Instructions for installing plastic panels in the bathroom

Facing can be done in two ways – with the device of the frame and frameless method.

Installation of panels on the frame

How to fix plastic panels in the bathroom

The frame for facing can be constructed from different materials – wooden beams with a cross section of 40×40 or 40×25 mm, galvanized steel U-shaped profiles, which are used for the installation of suspended ceilings or wall coverings with plasterboard sheets, as well as plastic profiles.

Facing with a frame device includes the following operations::

Surface preparation, which consists in cleaning the walls from dirt and leveling, since any irregularities will cause difficulties with installing the frame and affect the quality of the subsequent facing device. The walls are leveled using plaster with cement-sand or lime mortar.

Also, all work on the replacement of water and sewer pipes, wiring of electric lighting networks must be completed.

Protection against micro-organisms. A closed space is formed between the cladding and the walls or ceilings, which will be constantly moistened, which will create a favorable environment for the development of harmful microorganisms – mold and mildew. To avoid this, the walls are treated with a special bioprotective primer. In the case of a load-bearing frame made of wooden beams, it is also treated with a complex fire-protective composition, which, in addition to its antibacterial properties, can prevent wood from catching fire.

Mounting the frame. First of all, install vertical racks at the corners and in the frame of the door, then cross rails on the ceiling and skirting Board. The slats of the frame are attached to the walls with dowel nails. To adjust the exact vertical position between the surface of the walls and the posts, cut timber is placed. Correct installation is adjusted using the level and plumb line. After mounting the frame frames, a cord is pulled along the perimeter of all walls between the outermost racks and intermediate racks are installed along it after about 500-600 mm. Then mount the horizontal rails through 400-500 mm in height. Slats and slats of the frame are connected with self-tapping screws.

The greatest difficulty in installing the frame is caused by the device of bypassing risers and pipelines of water supply and Sewerage.

Installation of plastic moldings– special profiles, in the grooves of which the ends of the facing panels are inserted. Moldings – ceiling and skirting boards, external and internal corners-are installed along the perimeter of each wall. These profiles are attached to the metal slats of the frame with self-tapping screws, to wooden beams – with a construction stapler.

Mounting. Installation begins with the installation of a starting panel in one of the far corners, which is wound up with a narrow mounting shelf in the groove of the corner molding, the upper and lower edges in the ceiling and baseboard moldings, the other side with a wide mounting shelf is fixed to the frame rails with self-tapping screws. Next, a spike is inserted into the groove of the start panel next and also fixed with the other side to the frame with self-tapping screws. All of the following products are installed in exactly the same way. The last panel in the row is inserted with force so that it fits one side into the groove of the penultimate panel, the other side into the corner molding, and the end edges into the upper and lower ceiling and baseboard moldings.

Professional advice:

panels and moldings are easily cut with a metal hacksaw, as well as a construction knife;

before starting the facing work, all plastic products should be kept at room temperature for at least a day to avoid their deformation.;

it is better to place the panels in the bathroom vertically, since in this position water will flow down more easily than in a horizontal position.;

in order to bend the panel, it is enough to make a slot on the back side along the entire length or cut out part of the coating within one or two stiffeners.

Installation of frameless method

How to fix plastic panels in the bathroom

Installation without using a frame is performed in the following order:

Preparatory work. Surface preparation consists of cleaning dirt and leveling the walls. Moreover, in this case, the alignment of the walls must be performed more carefully than for the option of facing along the frame. Unevenness of no more than 3 mm in height is allowed. After leveling with plastering and putty, the wall surfaces should be primed with a bioprotective primer, since even in this case there is a risk of harmful microorganisms appearing under the panels.

Start panel sticker,which will determine the position of all the others. Therefore, for its precise installation, markings are applied to the wall and dowels are hammered from above and below-nails or self-tapping screws for optimal fixation. The best material for fixing panels is liquid nail glue, which is highly resistant to moisture. The starting panel is cleaned of dust and dirt from the back with a damp cloth, after the surface dries, glue is applied to it in zigzag strips and applied to the wall.

Important!The technology of gluing with liquid nails is that after pressing the panel against the wall, after a minute it should be torn off, held in this state for 5-6 minutes, and then re-installed in the design position. This technology is provided specifically for the version with liquid nails.

The other panels follows the same pattern – applied adhesive on the back side, then pressed against the wall, breaks off and after storage for 5-6 minutes is set in the design position with the insertion of the tongue into the groove of the previously installed panel.

Design of corners and abutments. In this version of the cladding, it is not necessary to make out the corners and abutments with the help of moldings with a complex profile, which have grooves for inserting the edges of the panels. You can do without sticking ordinary plastic corners on the silicone sealant.

panels and moldings are easily cut with a metal hacksaw, as well as a construction knife;

before starting the facing work, all plastic products should be kept at room temperature for at least a day to avoid their deformation.;

it is better to place the panels in the bathroom vertically, since in this position water will flow down more easily than in a horizontal position.;

in order to bend the panel, it is enough to make a slot on the back side along the entire length or cut out part of the coating within one or two stiffeners.

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