Most often, any document is valid for a certain time. In particular, the passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation must be changed at least twice during life. In this article, we will tell you exactly when to do this, as well as in what cases. We will also mention how the passport is replaced.
When should I change my passport?
The first document in a person’s life is a birth certificate. A passport is issued to a person recognized as a citizen of the Russian Federation only when they reach the age of 14.
In some cases, the passport is subject to exchange. The law provides for exactly six such cases:
You celebrated your 20th anniversary;
You celebrated your 45th birthday;
You have changed your last name, first name or patronymic, as well as other data from the main page of your passport;
Have you changed your gender or appearance;
The passport was severely damaged, as a result of which it became unusable;
Any errors were found in the document.
If you have any of the above reasons for changing your passport, you have exactly 30 days to submit the relevant application. This means that within a month after the celebration of the 45th anniversary, you must write and submit an application for replacing your passport to the relevant authorities. Otherwise, you will have to pay an administrative fine. Its size varies from 2 to 5 thousand rubles, depending on the region of residence.
An exception to this rule is made by conscripted military personnel. They can replace their passport after the end of their service life without paying a fine, even if more than a month has passed since the 20th anniversary.
What documents are required?
In order to be issued a new passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation, you need to take a few documents, photos and some money with you. Here is the exact list:
Application for replacing your passport.
The passport itself to be replaced.
Two 35×45 mm color or black-and-white photos.
Documents about the grounds for changing your passport (if you are changing it due to a change in your name or other similar reasons).
Documents that are required for making mandatory marks in the passport — birth certificates of children, military account documents, certificates of marriage or divorce.
Receipt of payment of state duty.
Currently, the state fee is 300 rubles. However, it increases to 1,500 rubles if the document changes as a result of damage, loss, or theft.
Replacement of passports at the Department on migration
To change your passport, you can contact the migration Department of the Ministry of internal Affairs of Russia at your place of residence. You can find the required address by visiting the Ministry’s website .
The main disadvantage of this method of replacing a passport is a long queue. It is observed in such departments almost always.
Replacing your passport at the MFC
For some time now, many multifunctional centers for providing state and municipal services have appeared in Russia. You can also contact their specialists to replace your passport. They will already hand over all your documents to the Department of internal Affairs of the Ministry of internal Affairs on their own.
To find the nearest multifunctional center, you can visit the appropriate portal — there you will definitely find the list you need. It should be noted that such centers are available not only in regional centers, but also in smaller cities and even some towns.
This method is a little longer, because MFC employees need time to transfer documents to the Ministry of internal Affairs. The finished document will most likely have to be received at the same Department of the migration Department.
Using the public services portal
In almost all cases, you can also apply for a replacement passport using the public services portal. If you don’t have an account on it yet, you need to register. At the same time, you will have to enter the snils AND specify the details of the passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation that you still have in your hands. Next, you will need to confirm your identity. There are three ways to do this:
Contacting the service center;
Getting an identity verification code by mail (the most common one);
Use of an enhanced qualified electronic signature.
The first option is the easiest and fastest — service center specialists will immediately create a verified account for you.
Let’s assume that you already have an account on the public services portal. Now you need to go to the site and go to the catalog. Here you need to choose the service of replacing the passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation. At the same time, you need to determine the reason why you need to replace the document.
Next, you need to fill out an application. In this case, it will only exist in electronic form. You will also be asked to upload a photo, which will then be pasted into the document.
Now all you have to do is submit your application for verification.
The same sequence of actions is waiting for you in the mobile application of the portal of public services. You need to go to the catalog, choose the service of replacing the passport of a citizen of the Russian Federation for a suitable reason, fill out a small application, and then send it for verification. Nothing complicated. The app can be downloaded on both iPhone and Android .
Now you need to wait for the moment when the internal Affairs Department approves the application. This can happen in a few hours or in a few days. It all depends on the region of your residence and some other factors. Be that as it may, you will soon receive a notification via SMS, email, or in the mobile app. After that, you will need to pay the state fee. The receipt will be sent to your merchant profile immediately after the application is approved.
When using the public services portal and the corresponding application, there is one pleasant moment. If you pay the state fee by Bank transfer, you will receive a 30% discount.
Now you just have to wait for an invitation to visit the Department of internal Affairs of the Ministry of internal Affairs. You need to bring the original documents here, and the employee will check them with the information in your application. Well, after that, you will be told exactly when you can pick up your brand-new document.
How long does the passport take to be issued?
In most cases, a new document is issued 10 days after the application is written. However, this rule is true when replacing a person at their place of residence. If the previous passport was issued by another territorial division of the Ministry of internal Affairs, then the new document will have to wait 30 days.
The above deadlines are reported from the moment of receipt of documents by the Department of internal Affairs of the Ministry of internal Affairs. That is why the MFC services imply a certain increase in this period.
Registration of a temporary identity card
If your work requires a passport almost every day, you will need a temporary ID card. It can be issued in the territorial division of the Ministry of internal Affairs dealing with migration issues. It will be issued immediately after your application to replace the document is submitted to work. But stock up on an extra photo!
It should be noted that a temporary identity card is valid only on the territory of Russia. When you receive a new passport, you must hand in your ID card.
You are now warned. From now on, you will know when your Russian passport will expire. You will not have any problems with the replacement of this document itself-fortunately, this process is now much easier.