A wide variety of sunglasses makes it difficult to choose a particular model. “How to choose the right sunglasses”, “what sunglasses can ruin your eyesight”, “what models of glasses are on trend” and many other questions are found on the Internet. In order not to waste a lot of time searching for answers, this article contains the most up-to-date information about sunglasses: starting from important protection factors and ending with an analysis of the classification of types of sunglasses.
- How to choose sunglasses
- Protection from UV rays
- Light transmission
- Frame material
- Lens material
- Types of sunglasses
- Cat’s eye
- The world’s best brands of sunglasses
- EMPORIO ARMANI
- HUGO BOSS
- MARC JACOBS
- Vogue eyewear
How to choose sunglasses
Face type, hair color, eyes, individual style-all this plays a role in choosing the appropriate shape of sunglasses. However, the choice depends not only on how a particular model suits a particular person, but also on the observance of important factors that will protect the eyes from ultraviolet rays as much as possible without harming vision. These factors include:
- protection from UV rays;
- light transmission;
- frame material;
- lens material.
Protection from UV rays
The main function of sun protection accessories is to protect against UV rays. Ultraviolet radiation from the sun can damage the skin of the eyelids, cornea, lens and other parts of the eye, and also contributes to the development of various eye diseases. To prevent possible damage, you should look for glasses that block 99% to 100% of UV-A and UV-b rays.
To find out if your glasses are protected from UV rays, contact an optometrist or an optometrist at an optician’s shop.
Light transmission refers to the percentage of light transmission that passes through the lens and then enters the eyes. The higher the percentage of light transmission, the lighter the shade of the lenses will be. Depending on the conditions in which the sun protection accessory will be used, you should choose the percentage of light transmission. An alternative option is to choose lenses with a lower percentage, as they better block light from entering the eyes. There are 4 categories of light transmission:
- 0 — 80-100%. Almost transparent lenses serve as an accessory, suitable for use in the dark;
- 1 — 46-79%. The light shade of the lenses is suitable for low levels of sunlight;
- 2 — 18-45%. Universal and most popular light transmission category suitable for active, bright light;
- 3 — 8-17%. A dark shade of lenses for use in bright sunlight, including enhanced ones that reflect off water or snow;
- 4 — 3-8%. Very dark shade of lenses for use in strong sunlight conditions.
The frame is usually made of either plastic or metal. These materials have their own characteristics:
- Plastic. Sunglasses with plastic frames, as a rule, have affordable prices. There are also several types of materials, the most common of which is polycarbonate. Polycarbonate frames are mostly associated with sports or protective models, as they provide optimal impact resistance and eye protection.
- Metal. Most manufacturers of well-known brands use high-strength and lightweight metal materials to make their frames. Metal frames can be made from metal types such as Nickel, stainless steel, aluminum, or titanium. Titanium is a very high-quality, durable material that is resistant to corrosion.
Optical glass, plastic or polycarbonate are mainly used as lens materials. Each of the materials has certain properties:
- Glass lenses have perfect optical qualities, but they are very heavy and prone to scratches and cracks;
- Plastic lenses are characterized by light weight, low cost, and good optical qualities;
- Polycarbonate lenses are lighter and stronger than plastic lenses.
Types of sunglasses
Sunglasses come in countless shapes, sizes, materials, and lens options. But to be on trend, it is enough to know only a few different models that are fashionable out of time and continue to be updated year after year.
Aviators — the most popular, “cool”, well-known model; they were introduced in 1936 by Bausch&Lomb and were called “Ray Ban Aviators”. Initially, the model was designed for pilots to minimize sun glare in flight. As soon as the aviators were introduced to the public, they immediately became a cult model, and they remain so to this day.
The classic model of aviators remains unchanged — tinted dark lenses in the form of droplets in a thin metal frame; but there are also many modified models with a new frame design and lens color.
Sports models of the sunscreen accessory literally broke into high fashion, where they instantly took top positions. Aerodynamic, lightweight and polarized, they visually resemble the shape of Cycling eyeglass frames and represent the perfect combination of functionality and fashion. Available in metal or plastic frames with different lenses. They are found in collections of brands such as Stella McCartney and Miu Miu.
Another classic Ray Ban model is Wayfarer, which means “Wayfarer”. Replaced the aviators popular in the 1950-ies, Wayfarer was at the height of fashion for decades. Today they are one of the most recognizable models on the market. They were originally a male model because of their large, angular shape. However, later the shape of the accessory became popular among women. Classic Wayfarer have a black frame with a wide top edge and black trapezoidal lenses. Although wayfarers are “timeless” classics, today they can be found in any size, shape, and color.
Brawliners were first introduced by Shuron Ltd. in 1947, but the model became much more popular after Ray Ban introduced its version called the Clubmaster. Brawliners were very popular in the 1950s and 1960s, especially in the United States. The name comes from the fact that the thick upper part of the frame frames the lenses in the same way as the eyebrows frame the eyes. Available color combinations and sizes allow you to pick browliner to any type face or style of clothing. Classic, but at the same time trendy model always remains in the Top of the rating of fashion trends.
Tikadi is sunglasses in retro style with large round lenses and thin wire frame. Initially, tishades were worn by members of the counterculture or hippie movement of the sixties, however, the musician John Lennon brought them cult popularity. The artist constantly appeared in tisado in public, why the accessory has received the second name – Lennon. After the triumphant popularity, tikadi become rock stars, movie stars and other famous personalities. The classic tischade model is presented with black lenses, but today there are also options with colored, mirror, and transparent lenses.
The cat’s eye model became incredibly popular after the charming Audrey Hepburn appeared in them on TV screens and in numerous photos for magazines. Cat’s eye is a timeless feminine style. Leading designers of top brands interpret this model differently in their collections, which makes the “cat’s eye” a universal accessory that can be worn by anyone, regardless of their style. You can find and buy branded glasses in Michael Kors, Miu miu and other brands.
“Dragonfly “is in demand among buyers due to its playful, elegant shape. They can be recognized by the characteristic shape of the frame in the form of a dragonfly, with a narrowing at the bridge of the nose in the center and with an extension to the other edge of the glasses. “Dragonfly” is suitable for an elongated face type, this model is also able to hide the problem of a” heavy ” chin. The accessory covers most of the face, which provides excellent protection from the sun and premature wrinkles.
Thanks to the growing sports trend, the “mask” has become a fashion obsession of 2021. The accessory design is a futuristic sports mask for skiers or snowboarders. The use of mirrored lenses with neon details attracts attention from all sides, so you should not wear them if you want to go unnoticed. Extra-large masks will not only hide the eyes from UV rays, but also disguise their owner from prying eyes.
The world’s best brands of sunglasses
Even a child knows about the famous Ray Ban company. The brand has become famous for its iconic model, the Aviator and wayfarers. Ray Ban has become not only the main attribute of the wardrobe of fashionistas, but also an important eye protector from solar radiation. Eye protection from UV rays is an important advantage of Ray Ban among its competitors. In addition, the accessory’s lenses have additional protection against reflective surfaces such as ice, snow, and water. Ray Ban also provides the opportunity to purchase polarized glasses made of high-quality crystal or plastic, as well as sunglasses with diopters. Polarization in Ray Ban blocks up to 100% of light waves, providing high protection against blue radiation and low light transmission: only 15% of visible light enters the eyes.
Polaroid is one of the oldest brands in the eyewear industry, offering its products since 1937. Polaroid models are mainly characterized by polarized lenses, thanks to which they have become a world-famous brand. Polaroid has always been distinguished by high quality and affordable prices. All of the company’s products are supplied with UltraSight lenses made from state-of-the-art eco-polymers. Polaroid lenses consist of 9 essential layers that block out all harmful UV light and include safety and durability dampers.
Prada, an Italian luxury brand, joined the De Rigo group to create eyewear and launched its first collection in 2000. Since then, the company has sold millions of pairs to men and women around the world. The sophisticated Prada range has been a leader in the industry for many years, thanks to its impeccable design, distinctive appearance and timeless appeal. Prada women’s sunscreen accessories are synonymous with luxury and style. Numerous positive reviews assure about the highest quality of accessories.
The Carrera brand was founded in Austria in 1956 and was originally intended for motor racing drivers. The brand’s history is rich in technology and based on practicality. Protective sports goggles have attracted the world’s greatest racers. Known for their huge Aviator-style lenses, the Carrera designer introduced fashion and technical changes to the brand’s products. The end of the seventies was a key moment for Carrera: the brand launched a new line of sports sunglasses that were designed not only for athletes and drivers, but also for fans of sun accessories. So today, in addition to the classic Carrera brand collection, the Austrian brand has added fashionable variations made of ultra-light, scratch-resistant materials.
Dolce & Gabbana is an Italian brand that emphasizes high class and refined taste. Adored by famous celebrities and Hollywood stars, the brand launched its eyewear collection in 1995, which is still a huge success. The Sicilian roots of the designers, as well as the traditions of the Mediterranean culture, are reflected in the design of the brand’s sunscreen accessories. The design of D&G embodies Italian luxury, and the excellent quality of Italian craftsmen is reflected in the durability and durability of the accessory. The company’s products are made of polished plastic using the best Italian materials. The brand works with the best optical experts who provide 100% UV protection.
The Italian brand Emporio Armani has a refined and sophisticated design that is characteristic of the overall brand philosophy. The line of sunglasses includes lenses with rounded corners, curved frames, the famous “aviators”, “cat’s eye” and many others. Unique frames are made only from high-quality materials and are made in Italy to ensure the proper quality of production. The brand pays attention to detail, clean lines and inner refinement, which is why Emporio Armani is characterized as the embodiment of elegance in simplicity.
Hugo boss has been producing collections of sunglasses since 1989, which look neat, elegant, sophisticated. The classic, minimalistic and timeless design is perfect for both men and women: many models have a unisex shape. The lenses contain full protection from UV radiation, and the frame is made of durable, lightweight, hypoallergenic materials. The iconic logo adorns the products and is a decorative element. As the brand itself positions, Hugo Boss sunglasses are designed for young and confident people.
Marc Jacobs brand appeared like a wildfire in the fashion world. The brand’s collections feature vintage design, iconic accents, and a rich color palette. The brand is very popular among young audiences, as well as among those who are young at heart. Expressive and bold forms will emphasize the advantages and hide the disadvantages. Among the most popular models of the brand are Aviator — style frames and dark black lenses in the shape of a “cat’s eye”.
Since its founding in 1975, the Oakley brand has become one of the leading sports eyewear brands in the world, being approached by countless international athletes. Oakley products have been used in major sporting events such as the Olympic games and the Tour de France. Oakley is the epitome of technology, quality, and style. The firm holds over 800 patents and is also known for its innovative lens technologies. In 2007, the company was acquired by the Italian luxury retail group Luxottica. Oakley provides best-in-class protection against harmful UV rays. Oakley Plutonite lens material blocks 100% of all UV-A, UV-B, UV-C rays, as well as harmful blue light. Oakley lenses are also protected from scratches and cracks.
The Vogue Eyewear brand was created in 1973 under the name of a popular and prestigious fashion magazine, since then the brand has been a source of achievable luxury and a real trendsetter. The Vogue Eyewear collections are timeless classic design elements with vibrant modern details. Vogue Eyewear combines superior quality and modern style, which is perfect for people who follow the latest fashion trends. Many variations of Vogue Eyewear frames include bold shapes, sizes, retro silhouettes, as well as cheerful prints and rich colors. Equipped with lightness, comfort and convenience, they are designed for women who love to be noticed, and consider their glasses an indispensable fashion accessory.
Matrix is a modern look for a classic pair of sunglasses. Lenses and frames of this brand come in different colors, shapes, and sizes. Matrix not only looks great, but also has 100% UV protection. 20 years of experience in the manufacture of solar accessories has influenced the creation of high-quality models at affordable prices. The main Matrix models also have an adjustable nose pad and anti-glare acrylic lenses with a good polarized coating.
Legna is known for producing strong and stylish sunglasses. Top-quality accessories can be purchased at a fair price, which is not the case with many of the brand’s competitors. The brand produces women’s, men’s, sports and unisex collections. The accessory provides high-quality protection from the sun with a polarized coating that copes with glare from water, snow, and ice. Legna also pays due attention to the impact resistance of its product, so that the accessory can serve its owner for a long time without scratches and cracks.